MS0080 William O. Lee Jr. Collection c. 1880-2004

Summary Information

Title: William O. Lee Jr. Collection c. 1880-2004
Collection No: MS0080
Creator: William O. Lee Jr
Collection Dates: c. 1880-2004
Language: All records are in English.

The Historical Society of Frederick County
Archives and Research Center
24 East Church Street
Frederick, MD 21701

Biographical Note:

William Osborn Lee Jr. [1928-2004] was born May 7, 1928 in Frederick City Maryland to William O. Lee Sr. [dates unknown] and Vivian Bernice Holland Lee [1908-1990].  Lee was raised by his maternal grandparents Clifford Eugene Holland [1875-1955] and Bertha A. Holland [1874-1949].  Lee had three siblings Clifford E. Holland Lee [1932-1984], Bernice Lee Adkins [death 1967] and Gloria E. Lee Weedon [dates unknown].  Lee, known by most as “Bill” and by family and close friends as “Sonny,” grew up in an era of enforced “separate but equal” segregation between “white” and African American citizens during the Jim Crow era.  In the Frederick City of Lee’s youth, African Americans were either outright barred from entering or denied equal access and service at “white” businesses, eating establishments and entertainment venues.  African Americans were equally denied admittance to designated public areas, such as Baker Park.  Lee’s freedom of movement within the city was generally limited to the adjacent areas surrounding his All Saint’s Street community.

Barred from attending “white” public schools, Lee attended the segregated South Bentz Street elementary school and Lincoln High School.  Before 1948, African American public school students, like Lee, were only educated through their eleventh school year.  Lee worked from his early youth through high school selling and distributing the Frederick Newspaper and he played on the Lincoln basketball team.  Lincoln sports teams were not allowed to play in the public school leagues.  Lee and his teammates played against other African American high school and college teams from across Maryland and in nearby states.  Lee graduated high school in 1945.  After graduation Lee served in the United States Navy from 1945-1948.  He returned to Frederick in 1948 and married Cynthia Francis Bayton Lee [1929-2006].  The Lee’s were married fifty-five years and raised three children, William O. Lee III [1948-1969], Vivian Marie Lee Dyson [birth 1953], and Hugh Andrew Lee [birth 1964].

In 1954 Bill Lee graduated from Howard University with a Bachelor of Science in Physical Education.  That same year Lee embarked on his professional career as an educator and physical education instructor at his alma mater, Lincoln High School.  African American segregated public schools were not allotted funding equal to “white” public schools.  Teachers and administrators relied on their own ingenuity to acquire necessary classroom materials.  While at Lincoln, Bill Lee wrote two books which were used as class instruction manuals to teach anatomy.  The books are “An Adventure into the Anatomy of the Human Body” Volume I and “Kinesiology: The Science of Bodily Movement” Volume II.  Lee also coached Lincoln basketball and track and field teams.  Under Lee’s direction, the Lincoln track and field team earned the runner-up title in the 1960 state championships and the Boys basketball team won the 1961 state championships.

Bill Lee began his career as an educator during a time of momentous and turbulent change in the United States.  The 1954 Supreme Court ruling of Brown vs. the Board of Education made segregation in public schools unconstitutional and illegal.  The integration process was implemented in phases in Frederick County.  Before the integration of Lincoln High School students was officially implemented Lee had already taken the initiative to contact and work with coaches from “white” high schools in an effort to begin the integration of Lincoln sports teams and players into the “white” public school leagues.  Lee met with mixed success.  Some coaches and school administrations, like those at Walkersville high school, were responsive to Lee’s requests while others held fast to continued segregation until they were lawfully mandated to comply.  Lee and the coaches who collaborated with him took the crucial first steps of breaking through racial barriers and laying the foundation for the complete integration of Frederick County public school sports leagues.

The integration of Lincoln High School students was completed in the 1962/63 school year.  Lincoln, no longer necessary, ceased to exist.  Lee transferred to West Frederick Jr. High where he continued working as a physical education instructor.  Lee also coached the Frederick High School track and field team, which won four state championship titles, 1967-70.  Lee took graduate classes in administrative supervision at Western Maryland College.  In 1970 Lee was promoted to vice principal, in 1971 he was promoted to associate principal and in 1977 Bill Lee was promoted to principal of West Frederick Jr. High (Now W. Frederick Middle School).  Bill Lee earned a reputation as a dedicated, innovative and accessible leader who tirelessly worked in the best interests of students, faculty and parents.  In 1981 Lee received the “Outstanding Educator” award from the Frederick County Teachers Association and an “Outstanding Coach” award from the Frederick Athletic Association in honor of his achievements in the Frederick County Public School system.  Lee retired in 1983.  He joined the Frederick County Retired School Personnel Association where he served as treasurer for seventeen years.

In 1985, William O. Lee Jr. began his political career with a successful campaign run for Frederick City Alderman.  Lee won the election with an overwhelming number of votes.  Lee’s bid for alderman was anticipated as his advice was highly valued and sought after in Frederick city and it was well known that Bill Lee was “a man who got things done.”  Lee served as Frederick City Alderman from 1986-1990.  Lee was re-elected and served as Alderman Board president 1990-1994.  Though encouraged by many to run for Frederick City Mayor, Lee declined and retired from political life in 1994.

Bill Lee’s professional career as an educator and political career as City Alderman were an extension of his life long commitment to community service.  Lee actively volunteered his time and talents to numerous Frederick County government agencies, civic groups and associations.  Lee was an active member of his church, Asbury United Methodist, where he served as a Sunday school teacher, treasurer, a member of the Stewardship and Finance committees and as church historian.  Lee was a member of the Fredericktonian Masonic Lodge #12 F&AM.  He served as Worshipful Master, 1966-68 and he served as treasurer and assistant deputy Grand Master for the Prince Hall districts 2 & 3, 1969-70.

Bill Lee worked with many government agencies as a means to address the social and economic needs of low income, at risk, disadvantaged or homeless individuals and families.  In the late 1960’s Lee worked to establish Frederick Dialogue Groups which were designed to diffuse racial tensions and direct efforts towards identifying and addressing pressing social and economic issues plaguing Frederick city citizens. Lee worked on the Frederick County Housing Authority Board from 1966-86 and he served as its chairman from 1967.  The Board worked with private developers and government agencies to develop a housing plan that offered affordable housing to Frederick citizens of all income levels.  Lee equally served on the boards of several housing task force committees in the late 1960’s and 1970’s such as: the Frederick Organization for Rehabilitation (FOR); the Finance Task Force; and the Community Relations Committee.

Lee served on the board of directors or as president of many civic organizations between the 1970’s and the early 1990’s, some of which include: the South End Coalition of Frederick which gathered information on pressing citizen concerns and brought them to the attention of local officials; the Peoples Inner City Development Corporation which was established to provide emergency services to at risk, low income or homeless individuals and families; and Community Living Inc. which provides services to mentally handicapped and disabled individuals.  Other organizations include: Monocacy Valley Goodwill Industries; Frederick Memorial Hospital; Frederick County Public Libraries; the American Red Cross; Hospice of Frederick County; the United Way Review Board; Daybreak child care.

Along with coaching at Lincoln and Frederick high schools, Lee also established and worked with an array of youth and athletic organizations in the 1960’s and early 1970’s.  Lee was a life guard and swim instructor at the segregated Mullinix pool.  Lee has the distinction of being the first African American hired to work at the Frederick YMCA in an integrated capacity where he worked as a swim instructor, a physical fitness instructor, and a teen center supervisor in the 1960’s.  Lee also served on the YMCA board of directors in 1975.  Lee established African American Frederick County youth baseball and basketball leagues; which offered African American youth an opportunity to participate in recreational sports at a time when they were barred from playing in “white” Frederick County recreational sports leagues.  Lee was an assistant coach for the 1968 semi-pro Frederick Falcons football team and he served as a board member from 1971-74.  Lee was also responsible for organizing two Olympic women track and field trials in Frederick.  In 1971 Lee received the Governors Physical Fitness Participation award and in 1976 Lee’s contributions to interscholastic sports were recognized by the Frederick County Coaches Athletic Association.

Bill Lee was also a local Frederick historian.  Lee researched and collected histories of twentieth century African American life in Frederick County.  Lee’s All Saints Street community was the hub of economic, political and social activity for both urban and rural Frederick County African Americans during the Jim Crow era.  Lee’s relatives and neighbors were leading men and women of the community.  Lee collected documents and ephemera of the parallel entrepreneurial businesses, social, political and economic organizations, churches and schools they established to support and sustain themselves during the years of segregation.  Lee, proud of that history and of the men and women who forged it, sought to preserve this important piece of Frederick history.

Lee gave lectures on local African American history and he worked to preserve Frederick County African American historical landmarks.  Lee successfully established memorials at African American historical locations such as: Laboring Sons Cemetery; Mullinix Park; William R. Diggs Pool; and Lincoln High School.  Lee tried, unsuccessfully, to preserve the original building and location of the Free Colored Mens Library.  Instead, a dedication ceremony was held and a memorial plaque was placed at the original location of the library.  Lee was one of the founding members of African American Cultural-Heritage (AARCH).  AARCH was established in order to collect, preserve and obtain a facility in which to showcase local African American history.  AARCH members are currently still working towards acquiring a facility.

William O. Lee Jr. received numerous local, state and national awards and citations in honor of his many contributions to Frederick County and its citizens.  A small sampling of those awards are: the Sertoma “Service to Mankind” award, 1991; a Congressional Record presented by Representative Beverly Byron, 1991; a “Service to All” award presented by delegate Anita Stup, 1993; the dedication of the William O. Lee Jr. Center, 1993; and a “Who’s Who” listing, 1995.  In 2001 Lee was inducted into the Maryland Senior Citizens Hall of Fame and he received the prestigious GERI award.  Lee’s contributions were also acknowledged in 2003 by Maryland Governor Robert Ehrlich who personally visited Bill Lee at his home in Frederick.

William O. Lee Jr. died January 11, 2004 and he is buried at Fairview Cemetery.

Scope and Content Note:

The collection contains materials relating the personal life, professional and political careers and civic activism of William O. Lee Jr. 1928-2004.  The collection also contains Lee’s research and the histories, correspondence, documents, photographs and ephemera he collected of African American life ca. 1880-2004.  The Lee collection is divided into five series.  The first series relates Lee’s personal life and family history, his professional career as an educator and athletic coach within the segregated and, later, integrated Frederick County Public School system, his political career as a twice elected Frederick City Alderman and Lee’s works of public service and civic activism, 1928-2004.  The second series, which comprises a significant portion of the Lee collection, contains Lee’s research and the histories and materials he collected of African American life in Frederick County Maryland.  The third series contains general Frederick County history collected by Lee. The fourth series contains African American Maryland & United States history collected by Lee.  The fifth series contains oversized items such as photographs, award certificates, award plaques, flags, books, video tapes, election campaign posters, scrapbooks and organization medals and badges which are pertinent to both Lee’s life and the local African American history he collected.

Series 1: Personal, Professional and Political Life of William O. Lee Jr. 1928-2004

The first series relates Lee’s personal life and family history, his professional career as an educator and athletic coach within the segregated and, later, integrated Frederick County Public School system, his political career as a twice elected Frederick City Alderman and Lee’s works of public service and civic activism, 1928-2004.  The series is divided into three subseries.  Subseries one includes materials pertaining to Lee’s personal life and family history; Subseries two includes materials pertaining to Lee’s professional and political careers; Subseries three includes the organizations Lee participated in.

Subseries 1: Personal Life

The first subseries relates information on Lee’s personal life and family history.  It includes a video interview of Lee, resumes, family photographs, programs and events, ephemera, personal papers, personal correspondence, and correspondence regarding African American history seminars and programs.  Subseries one also contains the local, state and national award certificates, citations, plaques and flags Lee received in honor of his years of public service to Frederick County and its citizens.  The subseries also includes financial records, pension records, wills, a graduation diploma, and photographs of Lee’s relatives, the Marshall, Jenkins, Holland and Lee families.

Subseries 2: Professional & Political Careers, 1954-1994

The second subseries includes professional correspondence, newspaper articles, photographs, and retirement event programs from Lee’s career as a public school educator and athletic coach within the segregated, and then, integrated Frederick County public school system, 1954-1982.  Of special interest are two books written by Lee and used for class instruction during his career at Lincoln High School.  Equally within the subseries are materials pertaining to Lee’s political career as a twice elected Frederick City Alderman.  Included are Lee’s 1985 and 1989 election and re-election campaign materials and the professional correspondence, reports,  newspaper articles, photographs, a swearing in ceremony invitation and official papers Lee collected during his political career, 1985-1994.

Subseries 3: Organizations Lee Participated In

The third subseries includes Lee’s public service activities and the civic organizations Lee participated in throughout his lifetime.  Lee’s participation in these organizations varied and included: serving as a board member; promoting the best interests of an organization and its constituents by bringing their issues and concerns to the attention of local agencies and government officials; or volunteering his time to interact with the members of an organization.  The organizations Lee participated in are listed in alphabetical order and include: AAFRICA-African American Youth Leadership Skills Organization; Affirmative Action Programs & Disadvantaged Business Enterprise; African American Resources-Cultural & Heritage (AARCH); C. Burr Arts Library; Chamber of Commerce of Frederick County Inc.; Community Living Inc.; Frederick Community Civic Association; Frederick County Foster Care Review Board; Frederick Even Start; Hospice of Frederick County; Human Relations Commission; The Kiwanis Club of the Monocacy; National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP); National Museum of Civil War Medicine, Inc. People’s Inner City Development Corporation Inc.; Political Umbrella Group of Frederick County (PUG); Sertoma Club; South End Coalition; Streets and Sanitation Committee; The United Way; Victor Cullen Center.  Lee was also an active member and a master mason of the Fredericktonian Masonic Lodge #12.  Lee collected histories and documents of this organization which range in years from 1859-2002.  The materials of Fredericktonian Masonic Lodge # 12 are located in Box 2, Series 2-African American Frederick County History Collected by Lee, Subseries 2, African American Civic, Social and Political Organizations.

Series 2: African American Frederick County History Collected by Lee, 1880-2004

The second series contains the notes, research, histories, documentation, photographs and ephemera of African American life in Frederick County collected and generated by William O. Lee Jr.  Lee’s research in Frederick County mainly focuses on African American life in Frederick city and the All Saints Street African American community Lee was born and raised in.  Lee’s collection offers insight into the social, political and economic networks and organizations urban and rural African Americans established to support and sustain their communities during the Jim Crow era.  The series is divided into five subseries: Subseries one includes African American entrepreneurial home businesses and African American professions, careers & employment, ca. 1905-2004;  Subseries two includes African American civic, political & social organizations, ca. 1880-2000; Subseries three includes African American Frederick County segregated Living areas and social activities, ca. 1920-1998; Subseries four includes African American segregated Frederick City schools, 1920-1999; Subseries five includes African American Frederick County churches and cemeteries, ca. 1884-2001.  For additional information on African American life in Frederick Maryland see the book written by William O. Lee Jr. Bill Lee Remembers: A Chronicle of Twentieth Century Black Life in Frederick Maryland. Frederick: Diversions.

Subseries 1: African American Home Businesses, Professions, Careers & Employment ca. 1905-2004

The first subseries contains Lee’s notes and research of African American entrepreneurial home businesses and African American professions, careers and employment.  Lee’s research mainly focus’s on Frederick city African Americans ca. 1905-1965.  The entrepreneurial home businesses include grocers, eating establishments, barbershops, pool halls and lodging accommodations.  The home businesses supplemented the incomes of Frederick County African Americans denied equal pay to “whites” and barred from employment at “white” businesses, except for menial labor jobs.  Lee’s notes on the home businesses also include his childhood memories of and experiences with some of the owners.  The African American professions, careers and employment include educators, physicians, morticians, firemen, law enforcement officials, politicians, military personnel, artists, business professionals, professional athletes and other African American employment such as African Americans employed at Francis Scott Key hotel, Fairchild Engine & Airplane Corporation and Lincoln Tailoring Association.  Numerous individuals noted in this subseries are credited, by Lee, as being the first Frederick County African Americans either hired by their respective employer and/or elected to local government political office.  The subseries includes histories, notes, biographies, newspaper articles, photographs, event programs and ephemera.

Subseries 2: African American Civic, Political & Social Organizations

The second subseries contains Lee’s notes and research of the parallel civic, social and economic networks and organizations Frederick County African Americans established to support their communities during the Jim Crow era.  The organizations are listed in alphabetical order and include: The Afro-American Building and Improvement Stock Company 1900, 1964: African Female United Society of Frederick ca. 1880’s; American William P. Larkin Post 112 1961; Amvets Post ca. 1950’s; The Emancipation Association 1933; The Emergency Club1940; Fredericktonian Masonic Lodge No. 12 Free and Accepted Masons 1859-2002; The Free Colored Men’s Library 1916-1932; Frontiers International/Frontiers of America ca 1950’s; Garrett Lodge No. 36 G.U.O. of Brothers & Sisters of Good Hope 1903; Colored Order of the Knights of Pythias & Pythian Castle 1920-1933; Mountain City Lodge No. 382 I.B.P. Order of Elks 1930’s, 1984, 1991; National Benefit Association 1914; The Frederick Club of the National Association of the Negro Business and Professional Women’s Club Inc. ca. 1962-2000; Order of the Eastern Star Queen Esther Chapter #2 1943, 1987; Republican Club of Frederick County 1938; Royal Mutual Aid Beneficial Association ca. 1930’s; The Working Men’s Stock Company of Frederick Maryland 1898; Young Men’s Colored Reading Club of Frederick City 1913.  The subseries includes notes, newspaper articles, by-laws, constitutions, building mortgages and deeds, programs and events, photographs,  a preservation feasibility study and organization medals, badges and ribbons. The efforts of Lee, and others, to have the original building and site of the Free Colored Men’s Library formally recognized and preserved as an historical landmark is also included in the subseries.

Subseries 3: African American Segregated Living Areas & Social Activities

The third subseries contains Lee’s notes and research of African American segregated life in Frederick County.  Lee provides a description of the physical layout of segregated Frederick city.  Which streets were designated living areas for white citizens, which areas were designated living areas for African Americans and what areas and facilities African Americans were allowed or barred access to.  The subseries includes histories, notes and photographs of the segregated Mullinix Park and William R. Diggs pool which were built on city land donated by Joseph D. Baker for the exclusive use of African Americans.  A 1928 plat map of the park, pool and the alley ways constructed as a means for African Americans to access them is also included.  The subseries also contains newspaper articles and photographs of a dedication ceremony at the site of the park and pool, 1999.  The subseries  includes photographs of African American sports teams and social clubs ca. 1930-1950; a 1934 “separate but equal” petition to the mayor; photographs of African American Frederick city segregated housing ca. 1940’s; and notes, newspaper articles and photographs  of various rural Frederick County African American communities-Bartonsville, New London/New Market, Liberty Town, Pleasant View and Middletown.

Subseries 4: African American Segregated Frederick City Schools, ca. 1920-1999

The fourth subseries contains Lee’s notes and research of African American segregated Frederick city schools.   It is not a comprehensive or exhaustive list of Frederick City or County segregated schools.  The subseries includes histories, notes, newspaper articles, programs and events, ephemera and photographs of Lincoln High School students, faculty, graduation ceremonies, class reunions, school sports teams, a school dedication ceremony and the physical school building, 1920-1962.  The subseries includes notes, newspaper articles and photographs of other Frederick city segregated schools such as: Lincoln Elementary school, ca. 1936-1941; Esther Grinage Kindergarten, 1960, 1993; South Bentz Street [elementary] school, 1922, 1935; and West Seventh Street [elementary] School, 1990’s.  The subseries also includes a 1920’s unidentified class photograph and Frederick High School integration newspaper articles & photographs, ca. 1960’s, 1990’s.  More information on African American educators, administrators and other school employees is located in Series 2, Subseries 1–African American home businesses, professions, careers and employment, Folder: Public School Educators, Administrators, Employees, 1920-1962, 1990’s.

Subseries 5: African American Frederick County Churches & Cemeteries, ca. 1884-2001

The fifth  subseries contains Lee’s research and collected histories, notes, reports, hymnals, prayer books, photographs, event programs and flyers from African American Frederick City and County churches and cemeteries.  It is not a comprehensive or exhaustive list.  The churches and cemeteries included are: Old Hill Church, ca. 1900; Asbury United Methodist Church, ca. 1884-2001; First Missionary Baptist Church, ca. 1944-1987; Quinn A.M.E., ca. 1938-1944; Silver Hill United Methodist Church, 1981; Colored Methodist Church of Mt. Tabor, 1853; Bread of Life Church, 1984.  The subseries also includes notes, newspaper articles and photographs of preservation ceremonies held at Frederick city and County churches and cemeteries.  Photographs of the Sands and Butcher gravesites are also included. Extensive research on African American cemeteries in Frederick, Carroll and Montgomery counties was conducted by Larry Moore and is part of this collection.  Moores research is restricted.  Permission must be obtained, from Moore, for access.

Series 3: General Frederick County History Collected by Lee

The series includes a manuscript history of Frederick County, 1975 ; a published history of Frederick County Women’s Organizations, 1998-2000; notes on the 1839 will of slave owner John Hasselback; an African American Frederick County historical resources index, 1994.  The series contains publications on Frederick history such as: “Historic Frederick Maryland,” 1932; “1817 Sesquicentennial History,”, 1967; “Community Favorites” song book, ca. 1950’s, “150th Anniversary & History of Junior Fire Co. No.2 1838-1988; “The Home of Taney” address by Edward S. Delaplaine, 1936; a “Bicentennial Frederick Maryland Programme,” 1945.  Miscellaneous notes, reports flyers and photographs of general Frederick County history are also included.

Series 4: African American Maryland & United States History Collected by Lee

This series contains books and newspaper articles pertaining to Maryland and U.S. African American history, programs and bulletins from Montgomery County African American churches and a W. Montgomery County African American historical resources index.

Series 5: Oversized Items

The series contains oversized and odd shaped materials from Lee’s personal, professional and political life and the Frederick County African American history he collected.  The oversized items are located in boxes 5-13.  Removal notices for the oversized items were placed in the respective series and subseries folders.  Series 5 includes a scope and contents section for each box and an itemized list of the contents of each box is included in the collection inventory list.

Pictures, Newspaper Articles, Campaign Posters, Badge Display Box

Box 5 contains framed and unframed pictures such as: A charcoal portrait of an unknown African American, undated; a portrait of John W. Bruner-first superintendent Frederick County Colored Schools, 1920’s; a print of “Bishops of the A.M.E. Church in the Order of Election,” undated; a photograph print of A.M.E. Church Bishop Abraham Grant, 1911; a picture of Frederick city, undated.  Box 5 also includes newspaper articles on African American Frederick County businesses ca. 1947; Lee’s election campaign posters, 1985, 1989; a framed display box with organization badges and medals inside.

Flags & Award Plaques Received by Lee

Box 6 contains flags and award plaques received by Lee for his years of civic activism and public service. The flags included are: City of Frederick flag, 1994 (2); miniature City of Frederick flags, ca. 1990 (3); an American flag given to Lee by Congresswoman Beverly Byron, 1991; an American flag from Lee’s funeral, 1994; an American flag, ca. 1990’s.  The plaques included are: a certificate in appreciation from the Frederick County Association of Retarded Citizens, Inc., 1985; “Till Death DO us Part” plaque from Community Living, Inc. 1988; an award of appreciation from the Republican Men’s Club of Frederick County, ca. 1991.

Video Tapes of Oral Life Histories and Lectures Given by Lee

Box 7 contains three video tapes – a biography interview of William O. Lee Jr. and two of Lee’s lectures on the history of the Free Colored Men’s Library.

Award/Appointment Certificates, Newspaper Articles, Pictures, Graduation Diploma

Box 8 includes local, state and national award and appointment certificates received by Lee, 1971-1997.  The awards and appointments include:  appointments to serve on the Frederick County Board of Elections, 1994-1997; appointments to serve on the Victor Cullen Center board, 1985-1990;  appointed to serve on the Frederick County Foster Care Review Board, 1985; awarded a House of Delegates official citation, 1994; awarded a certificate from Governor’s Commission on Physical Fitness, 1971.  Box 8 also includes newspaper articles about Lee, 1975; a public school diploma of Lee’s relative, Mary Holland, 1921; a print aerial view photograph of Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, undated; a hand-drawn picture of a house, undated.

Photographs of Frederick County African American Life

Box 9 contains photographs of African American life in Frederick County.  It includes a photograph of African American social, political and economic organizations such as: the Royal Mutual Aid Beneficial Association, ca. 1930’s; the Colored Order of the Knights of Pythias State Convention at Jenks Café, 1925; Mountain City Lodge Order of Elks Christmas dinner for children, ca.1940.  Other photographs of African American life include: a photograph of African American employees at Lincoln Tailoring Association, 1951; Girl Scout Troop 20, 1941(the first African American troop in Frederick); a Lincoln High School graduation ceremony, 1948; the Bartonsville Band, ca. 1920’s; the Richfield Eagles baseball team.  Box 9 also contains photograph slides of Lincoln High School students, faculty and events such as: Boys basket ball teams, ca. 1939-1962 (Lee is in some of these pictures as a player, and later as a coach); Mayday/Miss Lincoln crowning ceremonies, ca. 1940’s; Graduation ceremonies, ca. 1957-1962; a Faculty picture with John W. Bruner, ca. 1920’s (first superintendent Frederick County African American Public Schools).  Other photograph slides include: South Bentz Street School 5th, 6th, 7th grade class picture, ca. 1922; Mary E. Thomas Public School Principal Certificate, 1938; Mary E. Thomas public school retirement Ephemera, ca. 1967; Girl Scout troops, ca. 1940; Cotillion debutantes at the Frontiers International/Frontiers of America Sweet Heart ball ca. 1956-58; miscellaneous unidentified pictures of African American people, clubs and events.

Lee’s Personal Ephemera & Frederick County History Ephemera

Box 10 contains ephemera from Lee’s personal, professional and political life such as sports patches and letters from athletic events, ca. 1960’s, 1970’s; Lee’s Fredericktonian Lodge Master Mason ceremonial chain medallion, 1959; Political events buttons and ribbons.  Box 10 also includes ephemera from Lee’s collection of African American Frederick County history such as: Lincoln high school 1946 class reunion buttons w/ photographs, 1986; a Tivoli Theater teenage admission ticket, undated; Albert V. Dixon Funeral Director Thermometer/Advertisement, ca. 1930’s.

Book & Publications

Box 11 contains two books written by William O. Lee Jr., “An Adventure into the Anatomy of the Human Body” Volume I and “Kinesiology: The Science of Bodily Movement” Volume II, which were used as class instruction manuals at the segregated Lincoln High School ca. late 1950’s/early 1960’s.  Box 11also contains books and publications on United States African American history such as: ‘The Negroes Travelers Green Book,” which contains nationwide segregated lodging locations for African Americans, 1959; “I Have a Dream: The Story of Martin Luther King in Text and Pictures,” 1968; “Black World Annual History Issue: Focus on the Harlem Renaissance,” 1976;  “Guide to Black Organizations,” 1992-94 Edition;  Integration is a Bitch…An Assessment by a Black-White Collar Worker,” 1969;  “In Their Own Words: A History of the American Negro 1619-1865; “In Their Own Words: A History of the American Negro 1865-1916.  Other books included are a Frederick County “1817 Sesquicentennial History, 1967; an Asbury United Methodist Bible, 1976; an Asbury United Methodist Bible 1995; a ‘Pure Delight” Sunday School Song Book, 1923; a “Common Prayer” Book, undated front cover missing.

Scrapbook, Account Ledger, Cemetery Research Notebook, Election Campaign Book

Box 12 includes a photograph scrapbook given to Lee by residents of Community Living Inc. as a gift for his years of service on their behalf, undated;  “Lee’s the Key” Election Campaign Guest Book, 1985, 1989; People’s Inner City Developmental Corporation Account Ledger, ca. 1980’s; Larry Moore Cemetery Research Notebook on Frederick, Carroll and Montgomery county African American cemeteries, ca. 1990’s.  Moore’s research is restricted.  Permission from Moore is required for access.

Badges, Medals & Ribbons from Civic & Social Organizations

Box 13 includes badges, medals and ribbons from early twentieth century African American Frederick County civic and social organizations such as:  The Colored Order of The Knights of Pythias; The Emancipation Association; The Fredericktonian Masonic Lodge #12; Mountain City Lodge #12 Order of Elks; Growing Lily Lodge; Order of the Eastern Star Queen Esther # 2; Frederick # 1067 F. O. E.; Ogletonian Lodge.  Box 13 also includes badges, medal and ribbons from other organizations such as:  The Great Frederick Fair, 1926; National Canners Association; Maryland Public Schools PAL; New Homemakers of America (Lincoln high school); Military & firefighter medals; Religious medals & ribbons;  Medals & ribbons from unknown organizations.